The PLATO spectacles are suitable for essentially any application that requires controlled (including tachistoscopic or stroboscopic) presentation of visual information. This includes evaluation of human-machine interfaces, as well as research on visual perception, motion perception, reading, neurological disorders, rehabilitation, psychomotor coordination, motor learning, sport psychology and training, conspicuity testing, product recognition, and so forth.

Due to their very high light transmission, the PLATO spectacles remain effective even under very low lighting conditions.  In addition, the spectacles are constructed without any metal screws, thereby rendering them effective for use in MRI environments.

Needless to say, we are very proud of the wide variety of applications for which the PLATO spectacles have been used over the years.  At this site we are endeavouring to share with you as many of the publications that we manage to identify, with our primary criterion for inclusion in the list being that our products (PLATO visual occlusion spectacles and/or our ToTaL Control software or hardware) must have played some role in the study published.

For your convenience, rather than simply listing papers alphabetically or chronologically, we are also attempting to classify all publications according to the categories shown. If you wish to peruse one category at a time, simply go to the menu above and select that category.

 

Add your publications to our list!

If you’ve used our technology and are interested in adding your own publication or video clip to this collection, please email us the bibliographic details, as well as a URL or (preferably) a copy of the publication. Please indicate as well whether it is allowed to be publicly posted.


Author(s) ▾ Title Location Year Categories
Aimola, Lina; Lane, Alison R; Smith, Daniel T; Kerkhoff, Georg; Ford, Gary A; Schenk, Thomas Efficacy and Feasibility of Home-Based Training for Individuals With Homonymous Visual Field Defects Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 2014, Vol. 28(3), 207-218. 2014 Medicine / Rehabilitation;
Akamatsu, Motoyuki; Green, Paul; Bengler, Klaus Automotive technology and human factors research: Past, present, and future (Review Article) International Journal of Vehicular Technology, Vol 2013, Article ID 526180 2013 Automobile driving behaviour, Automotive interface evaluation
Barnes, G.R.; Hess, R.F.; Sumoulin, S.O.; Achtman, R.L.; Pike, G.B. The cortical deficit in humans with strabismic amblyopia Journal of Physiology (2001), 533.1, pp 281-297 2001 fMRI Study, Medicine / Rehabilitation;
Blaauw, Gerard J., Godthelp, Hans & Milgram, Paul Optimal control model applications and field measurements with respect to car driving Vehicle System Dynamics, 13, pp. 93-111, 1994 1994 Automobile driving behaviour
Blaauw, Gerard J., Godthelp, Hans & Milgram, Paul Optimal Control Model Applications and Field Measurements with Respect to Car Driving Proc. 3rd European Annual Conf. on Human Decision-Making and Manual Control, Roskilde, Denmark, pp. 1-18, May-June 1983 1983 Automobile driving behaviour
Brown, Liana E.; Morrissey, Brendan F.;, Goodale, Melvyn A. Vision in the palm of your hand Neuropsychologia 47 (2009) 1621–1626 2009 Cognitive science
Buckingham, Gavin The role of vision in detecting and correcting fingertip force errors during object lifting 2011 Cognitive science, Movie, Visual Perception
Buckingham, Gavin; Goodale, Melvyn A. Lifting without Seeing: The Role of Vision in Perceiving and Acting upon the Size Weight Illusion PLOS One, www.plosone.org, March 2010, Vol. 5(3), e9709 2010 Cognitive science, Medicine / Rehabilitation;, Visual Perception
Buckingham, Gavin; Ranger, Nathalie S.; Goodale, Melvyn A. The role of vision in detecting and correcting fingertip force errors during object lifting Journal of Vision (2011) 11(1):4, 1–14 2011 Cognitive science, Visual Perception
Chen, Huei-Yen Winnie & Milgram, Paul A framework for modelling and analysing variability in visual occlusion experiments Proc. 57th Annual Meeting of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, San Diego, Sept. 30-Oct. 4, 2013. 2013 Automobile driving behaviour, Cognitive science, Visual Occlusion (General)
Chen, Huei-Yen Winnie & Milgram, Paul Determining glance duration for visual occlusion research. Proc. 55th Annual Meeting of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Las Vegas, Sept. 19-23, 2011 2011 Automobile driving behaviour, Cognitive science
Courage, Catherine & Milgram, Paul An investigation of attentional demand in a simulated driving environment Proc. 44th Annual Mtg of Human Factors & Ergonomics Society + International Ergonomics Association (IEA), San Diego, CA, July 2000 2000 Automobile driving behaviour
Dicks, Matt; Button, Chris; Davids, Keith Availability of advance visual information constrains association-football goalkeeping performance during penalty kicks Perception, 2010, volume 39, p.p. 1111-1124 2010 Sports psychology / training
Dissanayake, Paul; Dunn, Tracy; Edwards, Pascale; Starkes, Janet L. A new technology and field test of advance cue usage in volleyball Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 66.2 (June 1995): p162 1995 Sports psychology / training
Elliott, Digby; Zuberec, Sarah; Milgram, Paul The effects of periodic visual occlusion on ball catching J. Motor Behavior, 26 (2), 113-122, 1994 1994 Motor control, Sports psychology / training, Visual Occlusion (General)
Farrow, Damian & Abernethy, Bruce Can anticipatory skills be learned through implicit video-based perceptual training? Journal of Sports Sciences, 2002, 20, 471-485 2002 Sports psychology / training
Gareau, Paula J.; Mitchell, J. Ross; Gati, Joseph S.; Karlik, Stephen J. Reduced BOLD fMRI signal changes in the primary visual cortex of MS patients with unilateral optic neuritis: Correlation with visual evoked potentials Proceedings Seventh Annual Meeting of International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. Philadelphia, May 1999:502 1999 Cognitive science, fMRI Study
Godthelp, Hans, Milgram, Paul & Blaauw, Gerard, J. The development of a time-related measure to describe driving strategy Human Factors, 26 (3), pp. 257-268, June 1984 1984 Automobile driving behaviour
Godthelp, Hans, Milgram, Paul & Blaauw, Gerard, J. Driving Under Temporary Visual Occlusion: An Analysis in Terms of the TLC Concept Proc. 3rd European Annual Conf. on Human Decision-Making and Manual Control, Roskilde, Denmark, pp. 1-19, May-June 1983 1983 Automobile driving behaviour
Godthelp, Hans; Blaauw, Gerard; Milgram, Paul Supervisory Behaviour in Automobile Driving: New Approaches in Modelling Vehicle Control Proc. XX Fisita Cong., Vienna, Austria, pp. 3.255-3.265, May 1984 (SAE paper 845099) 1984 Automobile driving behaviour
Goodyear, Bradley G.; Menon, Ravi S. Brief Visual Stimulation Allows Mapping of Ocular Dominance in Visual Cortex Using fMRI Human Brain Mapping 14:210-217 (2001) 2001 Cognitive science, fMRI Study
Janczyk, Markus & Kunde, Wilfried Visual processing for action resists similarity of relevant and irrelevant object features Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 19(3): 412-417 2012 Cognitive science, Motor control, Visual Perception
Li, Chuanming; Cheng, Lin; Yu, Qiongwu; Xie, Bing; Wang, Jian Relationship of Visual Cortex Function and Visual Acuity in Anisometropic Amblyopic Children International Journal of Medical Sciences, 2012; 9(1):115-120 2012 fMRI Study, Medicine / Rehabilitation;
Marangon, Mattia; Jacobs, Stéphane; Frey, Scott H. Evidence for context sensitivity of grasp representations in human parietal and premotor cortices J. Neurophysiology, 2011 May; 105(5), 2536-2546 2011 Cognitive science, fMRI Study
Menon, Ravi S.; Goodyear, Bradley G. Submillimeter Functional Localization in Human Striate Cortex Using BOLD Contrast at 4 Tesla: Implications for the Vascular Point-Spread Function Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 41:230-235 (1999) 1999 Cognitive science, fMRI Study
Milgram, Paul A spectacle-mounted liquid-crystal tachistoscope Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments and Computers, 19 (5), pp. 449-456, 1987 1987 Visual Occlusion (General)
Milgram, Paul Time-locked (Transient) Heart Rate Response as an Indicator of Drivers’ Self-paced Decision-Making Proc. 1st Nordic Congress on Traffic Medicine, Linköping, Sweden, pp. 4-6, June 1982 1982 Automobile driving behaviour, Cognitive science
Milgram, Paul A Multivariate Autoregressive Display Monitoring Model Proc. 3rd European Annual Conf. on Human Decision-Making and Manual Control, Roskilde, Denmark, pp. 1-22, May-June 1983 1983 Cognitive science, Visual Occlusion (General)
Milgram, Paul & van der Horst, Richard Alternating-field stereoscopic displays using light-scattering liquid crystal spectacles DISPLAYS: Technology and Applications, 7 (2), pp. 67-72, April 1986 1986 Visual Occlusion (General)
Milgram, Paul & van der Horst, Richard Field-sequential Stereoscopy with Liquid Crystal Spectacles Proc. Eurodisplay ’84, 4th Int’l Display Research Conf., Paris, France, pp. 175-177, September 1984 1984 Visual Occlusion (General)
Milgram, Paul, Godthelp, Hans & Blaauw, Gerard An Investigation of Decision-making Criteria Adopted by Drivers while Monitoring Vehicle State in the Temporary Absence of Visual Input Proc. 2nd Europ. Annual Conf. on Human Decision-Making and Manual Control, Bonn, W. Germany, pp. 104-116, June 1982 1982 Automobile driving behaviour, Cognitive science
Pettitt, Michael Visual demand evaluation methods for in-vehicle interfaces PhD Thesis, University of Nottingham, 2008 2008 Automotive interface evaluation, Visual Occlusion (General)
Rice, Nichola J; Tunik, Eugene; Grafton, Scott T. The anterior intraparietal sulcus mediates grasp execution, independent of requirement to update: New insights from transcranial magnetic stimulation. Journal of Neuroscience, 26(31), 8176-8182 2012 Cognitive science, Motor control
Rosalie, Simon M. & Müller, Sean Timing of in situ visual information pick-up that differentiates expert and near-expert anticipation in a complex motor skill Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66(10), 2013, 1951-1962. 2013 Motor control, Sports psychology / training
Rosalie, Simon M. & Müller, Sean Expertise facilitates the transfer of anticipation skill across domains The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67:2, 319-334, 2014 2014 Motor control, Sports psychology / training
Rossit, Stephanie Does binocular vision drive the lower visual field advantage for grasping? Poster at Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting, Florida 2014 Cognitive science, Motor control, Visual Perception
Sollenberger, Randy L. & Milgram, Paul Effects of stereoscopic and rotational displays in a 3D path-tracing task Human Factors, 35 (3), pp. 483-499, Sept. 1993 1993 Cognitive science, Visual Perception
Sollenberger, Randy L. & Milgram, Paul Comparative Study of Rotational and Stereoscopic Computer Graphic Depth Cues Proc. 35th Annual Meeting of Human Factors Society, San Francisco, CA, September 1991 1991 Cognitive science, Visual Perception
Tang, Rixin; Whitwell, Robert L; Goodale, Melvyn A. Explicit knowledge about the availability of visual feedback affects grasping with the left but not the right hand Exp Brain Res (2014) 232:293–302 2014 Cognitive science
Verhagen, Lennart; Dijkerman, H. Chris; Grol, Meike J; Toni, Ivan Perceptuo-Motor Interactions during Prehension Movements Journal of Neuroscience, April 30, 2008, 28(18): 4726-4735 2008 Cognitive science, fMRI Study, Motor control
Whitwell, Robert L; Lambert, Lisa M; Goodale, Melvyn A. Grasping future events: explicit knowledge of the availability of visual feedback fails to reliably influence prehension Exp Brain Res (2008) 188:603–611 2008 Cognitive science, Motor control, Visual Perception